PASSAGE FOR BOB

DIRECTION(Q.01-10) Read the following passage carefully and answer the questions given below it. Certain words have been printed in bold to help you locate them while answering some questions.

                The seizure of an American underwater drone in the international waters of the South China Sea by the Chinese Navy marks the latest flashpoint in bilateral relations that have entered uncharted territory with the election of Donald Trump as U.S. President. Though it is not clear if the capture of the drone, which China agreed to return later, was a junior-level act by sailors or a strategic move directed by Beijing, Mr. Trump has seized the moment to step up his anti-China rhetoric. Interestingly, the incident comes days after he broke diplomatic protocol and accepted a congratulatory call from Taiwanese President Tsai Ing-wen, a move that invited an angry response from China, which sees Taiwan as a breakaway province. Despite repeated assurances from the White House that the basic building blocks of U.S.-China ties have not been altered, Mr. Trump escalated matters by questioning the One- China policy. Throughout the election campaign he had maintained that he would renegotiate the terms of America’s engagement with China. He had also accused Beijing of currency manipulation. So the issue is, are his attacks on China and questions over the One-China policy just a continuation of his campaign rhetoric, or part of a well-thought-out policy to establish a new normal in ties? One theory, which the President-elect himself indicated in an interview, is that he wants concessions from China over key issues such as trade, South China Sea disputes and the North Korea nuclear crisis, and that by raising the sensitive Taiwan issue, he is trying to gain some bargaining leverage over China.

                Beijing certainly won’t take this lightly. It has reiterated that the One-China policy is non-negotiable, besides installing anti-aircraft weapons and other arms on all seven artificial islands it has built in the South China Sea, as reported by a U.S. think tank with satellite imagery. China will find it politically difficult to ignore Mr. Trump’s apparent effort to change the rules of the game. The geopolitical context is possibly even more important. China is a caged naval power. It has access to both South and East China Seas, but its force projection capability is limited by the existence of several islands on these seas, such as Taiwan, Japan’s Ryukyu Islands, and the Babuyan Islands of the Philippines. One reason China is so sensitive about Taiwan is its geopolitical vulnerability. It doesn’t want other powers to dictate or change the rules of engagement on its seafront. And if Mr. Trump tries to do that in the manner he handles foreign policy now, he could risk the progress the U.S. and China have painstakingly made in bilateral ties over four decades.

  1. Which of the following is definitely true about the seizure of an American underwater dronein the international waters of the South China Sea by the Chinese Navy?

(a)   It has made China vulnerable to trade deals with other developed countries.

(b)   It is the cynosure that has put the bilateral relations into unknown condition.

(c)   It is sure that it will establish Donald trump as great strategist.

(d)   It has shown the world that the basic building blocks of U.S.-China ties have not been altered.

        (e)   None of these.

  1. Which of the following, on the bass of the passage, is/are not true?

(a)   China did agree to return the drone but with a condition.

(b)   Taiwan is a China ruled princely state which is situated in the East China Sea.

(c)   It has been well founded that attacks on China by Donald Trump and questions over the One-China policy are just a continuation of his campaign rhetoric.

(d)   Donald Trump has shielded China from the blame that Beijing does currency manipulation.

(a)   All of the above.

  1. Why will China have difficulty in ignoring Mr. Trump’s effort to change the rules of the game?

(a)   Because the geopolitical factors are in America’s favour.

(b)   Because China has access to both South and East China Seas.

(c)   Because Mr. Trump’s manner to handle foreign policy could risk the progress the U.S. and China have painstakingly made in bilateral ties over four decades.

(d)   China is very sensitive about Taiwan as its geopolitical vulnerability.

        (e)   None of the above.

  1. Which of the following is/are not true about Mr Trump in the context of the given passage?

(a)   Mr. Trump has seized the moment of capturing American drone by Chinese Navy to step up his anti-China rhetoric.

(b)   Mr. Trump escalated matters by questioning the One- China policy despite assurance from the White House that factors involved in bilateral ties have been changed.

(c)   In an interview, Trump himself indicated that he wanted concessions from China over key issues.

(d)   By raising the sensitive Taiwan issue, Donald is trying to gain some bargaining leverage to improve the thaw with China.

(e)   None of the above.

  1. Find out, on the basis of the passage, true sentence/s.

(a)   No doubt China will take the drone episode lightly but with a vengeance.

(b)   As China is a caged naval power because it has access to both South and East China Seas, the geopolitical context is possibly very important.

(c)   It has become quite clear that the capture of the drone was a junior-level act by sailors or a strategic move directed by Beijing.

(d)   Donald Trump himself indicated in an interview that he has concerns for China over key issues such as trade.

(e)   All of the above.

  1. From the following options, provide a suitable title to the given passage.

        (a)   Risks of Trump’s China policy

        (b)   Bilateralism as stake of dwindling

        (c)   Decreasing globalism, increasing protectionism

        (d)   China’s audacity in seizing American drone

        (e)   None of the above

Directions (Q. 07-08): Choose the word that is most nearly the SAME in meaning to the word as used in the passage.

  1. PAINSTAKING

      (a)   punctilious            (b) carefree           (c) careless

        (d)   negligent                (e) ignorant

  1. LEVERAGE

        (a)   coordination         (b) sway                 (c) subordination

        (d)   slavery                   (e) bondage

Directions (Q.0 9-10): Select the word which is most nearly the OPPOSITE in meaning of the word as used in the passage.

  1. REITERATED

        (a)   reprise                    (b) replicate           (c) repeat

        (d)   renew                     (e) deny

  1. FLASHPOINT

        (a)   focal point            (b) focus                (c) backburner 

        (d)   compass                (e) direction

ANSWERS

1.b 2.3. e 3.d 4.d 5.b 6. a 7.a 8.b 9.e 10.c 

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